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[In the changing situation, firmly grasp the basic demand of the international market, and the textile industry must consolidate export competitiveness]
Release date:[2020/11/9] Read a total of[146]time

In the face of major changes in the internal and external development environment, the central government proposed to "gradually form a new development pattern with the domestic cycle as the main body and the domestic and international dual cycles mutually promoting each other." The textile industry has also ushered in new opportunities for transformation and development with domestic demand as the guide and supply-side structural reform as the main line.

   After years of development, my country's textile industry has become the world's largest production scale, the most complete industrial chain, and the most complete categories, basically achieving the goal of a textile powerhouse. Following the market orientation, textile companies continue to explore both domestic and international markets, and under the market leadership, actively promote transformation and upgrading, adjust the industrial structure, and the proportion of domestic sales continues to increase. Expanding the domestic market and stabilizing the export share is the direction of the development of textile industry enterprises.

  Under the current situation, stabilizing the export share is of positive significance to the "six stability" work proposed by the Party Central Committee and the State Council. Under the influence of the new crown pneumonia epidemic this year, international demand has been greatly impacted, but in the post-epidemic era, the degree of recovery of international demand and the adjustment of China's position in the global textile supply chain have become a key impact on the stable exports of my country's textile industry.

  The basic demand for international clothing is still

  How to look at the "basic disk" of international demand for textile and apparel? Take clothing as an example. Although clothing is a non-fast-moving consumer product and has the attribute of postponing consumption of non-essential goods, it is a rigid demand product for the final consumption of the masses. As long as the population continues to grow, people’s yearning for a better life exists, and international demand "basic" "There will be no fundamental change.

   From the data released by the WTO, the global import of clothing was US$203.099 billion in 2000, which increased to US$527.130 billion in 2018, an average annual increase of 5.44%. The scale of global clothing consumption continues to expand. The United States, the European Union, and Japan accounted for 83.7% of global apparel imports in 2000, and this proportion fell to 64.7% in 2018. Although the proportion has declined, the United States, Europe, and Japan are still the main markets for global clothing consumption. May wish to analyze the changes in clothing consumption from the clothing imports of Japan, the United States, and the European Union in the past 20 years.

According to data from the Bureau of Trade Statistics of the Ministry of Finance of Japan, from 2000 to 2019, Japan’s annual growth rate of global imports of clothing reached 2.21%, and the “market” of clothing consumption rose from 2.12 trillion yen in 2000 to the highest point in 2015. 3.42 trillion yen will remain at the level of more than 3.20 trillion yen by 2019. Although the growth rate has been high or low, and even showed negative growth for several years, from a linear trend, the "basic disk" of Japanese clothing import consumption has been expanding continuously in the past 20 years.

According to the United States Textile and Apparel Office data, from 2000 to 2019, the United States imported clothing from the world at an average annual growth rate of 2.03%, and clothing consumption rose from 57.232 billion US dollars in 2000 to the highest point in 2015 of 85.151 billion US dollars. The import scale of 83.823 billion US dollars. From a linear trend, the "basic market" of US imported clothing is also slowly increasing.

   Eurostat data shows that from 2002 to 2019, the EU’s global imports of clothing increased by an average annual rate of 5%, and clothing consumption rose from 37.038 billion euros in 2000 to 84.927 billion euros in 2019. From a linear trend, the “basic” slope of EU imports of clothing exceeds that of the United States and Japan.

It can be seen that although the annual growth of clothing imports in the three major markets has been high and low over the past 20 years, sometimes negative growth has occurred, and even affected by the global financial crisis. Clothing imports in 2009 have fallen sharply. At the same time, currently affected by the epidemic, clothing import demand in the three major markets has also shown The scale is shrinking, but from the long-term trend, the "basic disk" of clothing demand in the three major markets still exists.

   my country's garment exports are under increasing pressure

In recent years, affected by the rising cost of labor and other factors, some of my country's textile production capacity has been transferred to Southeast Asian countries. However, due to the production volume, supporting capabilities and rising labor factor costs in Southeast Asia, it is difficult to shake my country's textile industry in the short term. Position in the world.

   However, in recent years, the share of my country's clothing exports in the main international consumer markets has shown a declining trend. From the perspective of Japan's clothing imports in the past 10 years, my country's clothing accounted for 82.2% of the Japanese import market in 2010. By 2019, this proportion had dropped to 55.9%, a decrease of 26.3 percentage points. This part of the market share is mainly shared by Southeast Asian and South Asian countries such as Vietnam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, and Indonesia. From January to August this year, the share of my country's clothing in Japan's import market further dropped to 53.4%, indicating that the pressure on my country's clothing exports to Japan has increased.

   The U.S. market is constantly pursuing high-quality and low-cost apparel products, and the market is highly diversified. In 2010, my country's apparel accounted for 39.2% of the U.S. import market. By 2019, this proportion dropped to 29.7%, a decrease of 9.5 percentage points. From January to August this year, my country's apparel import market share in Japan further dropped to 22.7%, showing that my country's apparel exports to the United States are facing greater pressure.

   From the perspective of clothing imports in the 27 EU countries in the past ten years, in 2010, my country’s clothing accounted for 43.8% of the EU’s import market. By 2019, this proportion had dropped to 29.5%, a drop of 14.3 percentage points. From January to June this year, the share of my country’s clothing in the EU’s import market rose slightly, reaching 30.4%, an increase of 0.9%, but this is the first half of this year. As the epidemic continues in Europe, pressure on my country’s clothing exports to the EU market is still unacceptable Underestimate.

  High quality enhances international circulation status

  Affected by the global epidemic, the world economy is in recession, the industrial chain supply chain circulation is blocked, and the export of my country's textile industry is also facing challenges.

   On the supply side, the "low cost" advantage of my country's textile industry is gradually weakening. How to increase the added value in the international cycle is an important issue that needs to be resolved. On the demand side,

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